I also recommend that you include at the end of the citation the date on which you accessed the site. New York Times, Oct. On-line or Electronic Sources Citation of electronic sources is continually changing, and fluctuate considerably.
The primary difference between a Footnote and an Endnote is the Footnotes are used numerically at the bottom of the page where the reference or commentary is made, whereas the Endnotes are listed numerically at the end of the essay, on a separate page titled Endnotes.
Health Communications, Indiana UP, CCH Canadian, The Internet is not "stable. For example, if a writer decides to add an important fact or wants to comment on something stated in the paper, but that remark is irrelevant to the topic or thesis, they may decide to add a footnote.
First date shall be a Web page creation or modification date. What are Footnotes and Endnotes? If you read the newspaper on line directly, include the url.
Footnotes provide commentary or cite references on a specific portion of the text found in the body paragraphs of a paper. Only include the url of the database service, not of the articles itself, which is usually excessively long.
Is it a source within a source? If the Web page does not have a modification or creation date, leave it out, but always indicate your access date just before the URL.
In-text Footnotes or Endnotes may be added in an essay for a single Shakespearean play: The method used for including a website Footnote is as follows: Article from a magazine, journal, or newspaper with no author stated: The practice of adding Endnotes or Footnotes is fairly fluid for almost every time of text, the exception being online media such as blogs and websites.
Beating One of the Two Certainties in Life, ed. Book with no author or editor stated: Given that technology is continually moving forward, formal processes for the citation of online texts have not yet been standardized.
Pamphlet, with no author stated: If you are mentioning a source for the first time, it is necessary to include a whole and complete Foot or Endnote.
Article in a collection by several authors, with one or more editors: Book, movie, film, product or software review:Traditionally, disciplines in the humanities (art, history, music, religion, theology) require the use of bibliographic footnotes or endnotes in conjunction with a bibliography to cite sources used in research papers and dissertations.
• For journal articles from electronic sources, please see E-journals.
• Arrange information about the source in the format given. • The authors' names are given as they appear on the publication you have used. If an online source is also a print source (a journal or newspaper article, etc.) or has a clear online publishing date (such as online news sources), footnote it in the same way as you would footnote the source if it were in print, adding the URL and access date if the information is time sensitive: x.
The article title is followed by the name of the magazine, which is italicized. Place a comma after the magazine name. The complete date of the magazine article should be written in the “month day, year” format.
In the case of either footnotes or endnotes, the only indication that goes in the text itself is the footnote number, the small supra-number after the text you wish to reference. For my papers, there is only one time when it is proper to use parenthetical citations (e.g.: Smith, 23) in your text, and that is if you are writing a review of one or two books and the only.
Whether the article you use is from recent history or an older event, you can usually access the article at your local library or in the archives of the newspaper itself. Footnoting a newspaper article for use in an academic paper or other similar paper is a fairly straightforward process.Download