Autism and autism spectrum disorders

Some parents feel that dietary changes make a difference in how their child acts or feels. There is understandably a great deal of confusion about the names of various autism-related disorders.

Multiple studies have shown that vaccination to prevent childhood infectious diseases does not increase the risk of autism in the population. For instance, your child may start to yell, cry, or laugh hysterically for no apparent reason.

Emotional difficulties — Children with autism spectrum disorders may have difficulty regulating their emotions or expressing them appropriately. However, at other times they may be disturbed by even the softest sounds. Evidence also suggests that emotional disorders such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia occur more frequently than average in the families of people with ASD.

Some sources also include Rett syndrome and childhood disintegrative disorderwhich share several signs with autism but may have unrelated causes; other sources differentiate them from ASD, but group all of the above conditions into the pervasive developmental disorders.

For others, using gestures or picture boards is more realistic. They also struggle emotionally. People should talk to their doctor before enrolling in a clinical trial. The severity of ASD can vary greatly and is based on the degree to which social communication, insistence of sameness of activities and surroundings, and repetitive patterns of behavior affect the daily functioning of the individual.

Researchers hope that understanding these alterations can help identify new opportunities for therapeutic interventions. Children should be screened for developmental delays during periodic checkups and specifically for autism at and month well-child visits.

If no information is available, the clinician has to obtain as much information as possible concerning the details of current skills and pattern of behaviour of the person.

For example, picture cards can help teach a child how to get dressed by breaking information down into small steps.

Autism spectrum

The person is taught to use picture symbols to ask and answer questions and have a conversation. For example, an autistic savant might be able to multiply large numbers in his or her head, play a piano concerto after hearing it once, or quickly memorize complex maps.

Asperger syndrome is closest to autism in signs and likely causes; [13] unlike autism, people with Asperger syndrome usually have no significant delay in language developmentaccording to the older DSM-4 criteria. Top of Page Behavior and Communication Approaches According to reports by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Research Council, behavior and communication approaches that help children with ASD are those that provide structure, direction, and organization for the child in addition to family participation.

The average male-to-female ratio for ASDs is 4. Many have resulted in harm to autistic people and should not be employed unless proven to be safe. A comprehensive evaluation requires a multidisciplinary team, including a psychologist, neurologist, psychiatrist, speech therapist, and other professionals who diagnose and treat children with ASD.

Various other questionnaires e.

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Often children with ASD do not understand how to play or engage with other children and may prefer to be alone. In addition, people with ASD can have a hard time using and understanding non-verbal cues such as gestures, body language, or tone of voice.

The ideal treatment plan coordinates therapies and interventions that meet the specific needs of the individual. Other therapies that can be part of a complete treatment program for a child with an ASD include: People with ASD may have very different verbal abilities ranging from no speech at all to speech that is fluent, but awkward and inappropriate.

Unusual or inappropriate body language, gestures, and facial expressions e. Social behavior and social understanding Basic social interaction can be difficult for children with autism spectrum disorders. Repetitive body movements hand flapping, rocking, spinning ; moving constantly Obsessive attachment to unusual objects rubber bands, keys, light switches Preoccupation with a narrow topic of interest, sometimes involving numbers or symbols maps, license plates, sports statistics A strong need for sameness, order, and routines e.

Not surprisingly, verbal skills tend to be weaker than nonverbal skills. Preschool Education Programs for Children with Autism 2nd ed.

Skills might include dressing, eating, bathing, and relating to people. Occupational Therapy Occupational therapy teaches skills that help the person live as independently as possible. For example, young children with ASD might not understand what it means to wave goodbye.

They may become preoccupied with parts of objects like the wheels on a toy truck. Autistic disorder was the most severe.

Sensory Integration Therapy Sensory integration therapy helps the person deal with sensory information, like sights, sounds, and smells. Gov lists federally funded clinical trials that are looking for participants. These mutations may affect single genes or they may be changes called copy number variations, in which stretches of DNA containing multiple genes are deleted or duplicated.

Department of Health and Human Services agencies, the Department of Education, and other governmental organizations, as well as public members, including individuals with ASD and representatives of patient advocacy organizations.

The mutual give-and-take nature of typical communication and interaction is often particularly challenging.This page describes autism spectrum disorders.

The following information is not meant to diagnose or treat and should not take the place of personal consultation, as appropriate, with a qualified healthcare professional.

Autism spectrum, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a range of neurodevelopmental disorders that includes autism and related conditions. Individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder present with two types of symptoms: problems in social communication and social interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of.

Jul 06,  · Autism spectrum disorder is diagnosed by clinicians based on symptoms, signs, and testing according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V, a guide created by the American Psychiatric Association used.

WebMD explains autism spectrum disorders, including Asperger's syndrome, Rett syndrome, PDD-NOS, and childhood disintegrative disorder. Autism is not a single disorder, but a spectrum of closely related disorders with a shared core of symptoms.

Every individual on the autism spectrum has problems to some degree with social interaction, empathy, communication, and flexible behavior. But the level of disability and the combination of. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges.

CDC is working to find out how many children have ASDs, discover the risk factors, and raise awareness of .

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Autism and autism spectrum disorders
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